Purchasing a property is one of the crucial investments in our lives. Nevertheless, many people do not possess sums of money to purchase real estate. This also relates to the situation in the Ukrainian real estate market. Thus, many opt for mortgages from banks.
The meaning of mortgage lending
A mortgage loan is a bank loan that is protected by a pledge of property. Under the strict agreement, the client (even foreign one) becomes the owner of the property at once. However, if he or she infringes on the terms of the agreement, the Ukrainian bank can take away the property, sell it, and then send the proceeds to fully repay the client’s debt.
The regular market value of property in Ukraine ranges in different regions from 100 to 200 thousand dollars. Even though these property prices are still affordable, many Ukrainian and foreign investors do not want to invest the whole sum for real estate at once and opt for a mortgage that will last for about 30 years.
This way foreign and local investors give only part of their income to repay the mortgage loan and still have some money for life. Sure, for a total, the amount paid for a long period will be much bigger than the same loan for 10 years.
A mortgage loan for 30 years with a 5% interest rate will even cost the foreign investor even more than the value of purchased real estate. As the client pays in small amounts each month, he or she still does not lower the size of the loan. The investor can pay bigger sums than specified in the agreement, this way lowering the loan payment period.
Buying an apartment is one of the largest investments in human life. However, most people do not have enough money to acquire the property. Therefore, they apply to the bank for a mortgage.
What is a mortgage lending
A mortgage loan is a bank loan secured by a pledge of real estate. Under the agreement, the client immediately becomes the owner of the home. But, if he violates the terms of the contract, the bank can seize the property, sell it, and send the proceeds to repay the debt.
The average market value of a house varies in different states from 150 to 200 thousand dollars. Despite the fairly affordable housing prices, many Americans, not wanting to lay out the sum of the cost of real estate in a single payment, take a mortgage for a period of 30 years.
This makes it possible to monthly give the minimum part of their income to repay the loan, and not to be in austerity. Of course, in the aggregate, the amount paid on interest for such a huge period of time will significantly exceed the interest on the loan for a period of 10 years.
A mortgage for a period of 30 years at a 5% interest rate will cost the borrower twice the value of the property. This is because the client, paying a small amount on a monthly loan, pays almost one percent, without reducing the size of the loan. The borrower has the right to make a monthly payment several times larger than specified in the contract, thereby reducing the loan repayment period, if this does not contradict the terms of the contract.
Pros and Cons of Mortgages
The main plus of mortgages is the opportunity to purchase housing without the need to save money for 10 years or more. A person gets rid of the cost of renting an apartment and begins to pay already for his property.
Mortgages also have disadvantages. The main one is a high overpayment, given rather high rates and a longer loan term. In addition to the disadvantages of mortgages include the inability to fully dispose of the apartment until the debt is paid off.
What are the risks with mortgage lending
The borrower must carefully consider their financial ability to repay the debt before applying for a loan. Delay will lead to the calculation of fines and penalties, which only increases the overpayment on the mortgage. In case of violation of the contract, there is also a risk of loss of mortgaged housing.
If you have financial problems, it is recommended that you contact the creditor bank and try to agree on a deferment or restructuring of the debt. If it is clear that difficulties cannot be quickly overcome, it makes sense to consider options for selling the collateral.
What is No-Fee Mortgage
It is when the lender does not charge a fee for applications, processing, underwriting, valuation, private insurance, mortgages, and other closing expenses, which are usually associated with a mortgage.
In other words, such mortgages are built into the interest rate on the loan. The lender will take on many of the initial costs of commission and closing while charging a higher interest rate during the term of your loan. This increases the monthly mortgage payment but reduces the upfront cash that the buyer pays in addition to the down payment.
The conditions of the lender without commission vary. Even if a mortgage is sold at no cost, most lenders will not cover certain attorney fees, insurance premiums, and taxes. In addition, transfer taxes, private mortgages, and flood insurance are often excluded. There is also another option – cancellation of fees or early repayment. Lenders may require customers to hold a mortgage, for example, at least 3 years, or pay a fine.
Closing costs may be reimbursed by the borrower if the loan is closed before a certain date. Another option is that the lender may charge a prepayment penalty for early payment. This policy protects the profit of the bank and ensures that it will reimburse the advance payment to cover the initial costs of closing. A mortgage without commission makes financial sense only for short-term loans.
Higher interest rate
Such mortgages almost always have a higher interest rate. In the future, paying more interest will be much more expensive than paying simply in advance. If the offer is free, the first question to ask is: “What is my bid if I pay a commission?
The closing cost is usually from 2% to 5% of the loan amount. On a loan of $ 200,000 as a fee to lenders, you can pay about $ 7,500. If the interest rate is 4%, and the mortgage without a commission has a rate of 4.5%, providing a regular loan, you can save even more than $ 13,000 during the loan term.
This way you can save $ 7,500 in the short term, but in the long run, you will have to pay more because of the higher interest rate.
According to experts, mortgage options without a commission should be used only when a short-term loan is definitely needed. Also, this is not a good strategy to solve the problems associated with coronavirus pandemic.
Such a mortgage can be a reasonable tactic if you do not plan to quickly refinance or stay in one place for a long time.
Be prepared to pay extra fees
As in the case of any other purchase, there are always such hidden costs that are always hidden in small print.
You should be aware that in most cases, expenses for credit reports, payment fees, and registration of services for natural disasters such as floods are not included in the free promise, but they are minimal. Also, the consumer will always be paid an assessment. They are paid separately and are considered third-party suppliers.
Other costs, such as private mortgages, homeowners insurance, housing pricing, and property taxes will still be paid by the client.
It is important for you as a borrower to find out what additional fees will be required, as they vary from state to state and from lender to lender. The last thing you need is a big surprise in the end.
As a rule, deposits that are needed to set up your escrow accounts, such as property taxes, homeowner insurance, or flood insurance, are paid at closing. But most fees can be covered by paying a higher interest rate or by including them in the cost of the loan.
Mortgages help people acquire property without the need to save money for 10-30 years. A regular mortgage is quite expensive and involves risks for the borrower when his income situation changes. A mortgage loan is worth it only if you have full confidence that there will be no problems with repaying it.
In the case of No-Fee Mortgage, for customers who want to save money now, but do not mind paying more for a long period of time, such a mortgage may be suitable.
If your plan is long-term, it will almost always be more advisable to lower the rate by paying the final costs. In turn, if your plan is short-term, then the cost of paying interest for a short period of time and closing will be more cost-effective.